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Gas Nitriding

Gas Nitriding as a process, has been used industrially since the early 1920's. The process is carried out in a sealed retort furnace at temperatures between 490°C and 530°C in a flowing Ammonia atmosphere for times up to 120 hours. Gas Nitriding delivers  hardened steel as the output. In many instances where hardened steel is the specifrication, then Gas Nitriding could be the ideal process to adopt.
Hauck HT Ltd.offers extensive Gas Nitriding capacity from Telford and Letchworth with 20 furnaces of various sizes. Surface hardening of steel is the result of an atmospheric process, which may involve an ammonia atmosphere in which thye treatment takes place. Our largest Nitriding capacity is at Telford where furnaces are capable of processing parts up to 4.4m high and 1.2m diameter. 

Why Nitride? 

Gas nitriding is normally carried out on hardened and tempered and fully stabilised parts to produce a hard wear resistant case, enhanced corrosion resistance and good fatigue performance. 

The process is usually performed on fully finished components which, in many instances, require no additional operations prior to assembly. 

Whilst Gas Nitriding is normally applied to low alloy steels it is possible to nitride other materials such as stainless steel, titanium and nickel alloys, however the preferred nitriding route for those materials is Plasma Nitriding. 

Hauck HT have extensive knowledge and expertise in all Nitriding Treatments.


Nitrocarburising differs from Nitriding simply by the addition of the element Carbon (from a suitable carbon containing gas such as Endogas) during the process. The compound layer formed is generally thicker, more corrosion resistant and often takes the form of Epsilon Iron Nitride. 
Nitrocarburising is more commonly applied to low allow steels, mild steels and cast irons, but can equally be applied to any steel which is thermally stable at the treatment temperatures. 

One special Nitrocarburising treatment 
Hauck HT provide is the Nitrotec® process from its site in Birmingham. This is a Nitrocarburising plus oxidation treatment to provide superb surface properties to medium carbon steels. Detailed information on Nitrotec® Is found under the treatments section. 

Hauck’s plants in Luton, Letchworth and Blackburn offer the 
Nitemper process which is carried out in a sealed quench furnace. Short treatment times at around 570°C followed by oil quenching enhances both surface and core properties of most steels. Nitemper is an excellent process providing an increase in surface hardness and wear resistance to steels at low cost. 

Tufftride® salt bath process also falls under the banner of Nitrocarburising. 

There are many different methods of Nitrocarburising, each offering advantages and benefits over the others. To choose the optimum treatment in terms of properties, and cost for your application please call Hauck HT for advice.

Available At:


Commonly Treated Materials:

708M40 (En19)
817M40 (En24)
722M24 (En40B)

 Hauck Heat Treatment Ltd | Disclaimer

Registered Address.: Hauck Heat Treatment Ltd, 39-43 Bilton Way, Luton, Bedfordshire, LU1 1UU, UK

Tel: 01582 488344  Fax: 01582 431219